Concealed Carry Ban in Cook County Forest Preserves Ruled Unconstitutional

Last updated on October 20th, 2023

In 2021 a federal judge ruled that the ban on concealed carry in the Cook County forest preserves is unconstitutional.  The Judge did give a stay on enforcement of his ruling, meaning the unconstitutional ban was allowed to be enforced for several months. The state legislature missed the deadline to revise their ban, though they did try.  However, if you read the Illinois Concealed Carry Licensing Act, the ban still is on the books. So, now, what does this all mean for those of us who carry a firearm in Illinois? As with all things firearm related in Illinois, it’s not simple.

A History Lesson about Concealed Carry in Illinois

Before we can discuss the current situation regarding the ban on concealed carry in the Cook County Forest Preserves, we first need to take a short trip back in time and see how this ruling came to be. We must first understand how we got to where we are to understand the process of “sausage-making”, that is the legislative and judicial processes.  This history trip only goes back a few years, but this trip will help you, the reader, make sense of it all.

Illinois passed concealed carry legislation in 2013, however it was only through a federal court ruling that forced it. Sound familiar? That’s where we are now. Illinois was the last state to allow honest nonviolent firearm owners to carry firearms for their self-protection. While some firearm freedom advocates in the state legislature tried for years to pass concealed carry legislation, those politicians who prefer civilian disarmament blocked it from passing. 

Man Drawing Firearm from Concealed Carry Holster
Man Drawing Firearm from Concealed Carry Holster

If you care to dive down the rabbit hole of that court case, it began in 2009. The case is Mary Shepard versus Madigan. This case was later merged with another similar case, Moore versus Madigan.  The ultimate result is that the federal courts told Illinois they must allow us to carry firearms and had a set period of time to enact legislation of some kind.

The legislation that we got in 2013 was the Illinois Firearm Concealed Carry Licensing Act. This legislation is imperfect and passed with 23 categories of gun-free zones. One of those gun-free zones is the Cook County Forest Preserves. It is important to note that there are 102 counties in Illinois, yet Cook County was singled out.  No other county bans concealed carry in their forest preserves, only Cook.

Simon Solomon is an avid fisherman and was fishing in a Cook County forest preserve. Solomon was also carrying concealed and was arrested for it. Solomon and his legal team headed by Ilia Usharovich filed suit in 2017 claiming Solomon’s rights were infringed upon, citing Second Amendment violations, violations of Due Process, and a violation of Equal Protection. 


As previously noted in 2021, the federal courts agreed with Solomon, ruled the ban on carrying in Cook County Forest Preserves is Unconstitutional and gave the state until March 15th to “take up the issue”.  The state was later granted extensions until June 7th, 2022, and did indeed attempt to pass legislation. HB4296 nearly passed, but ultimately failed. 

On June 7th Illinois Attorney General, Kwame Raoul did file a status report stating “The 2022 legislative session of the General Assembly concluded without the passage of an amendment to Section 65(a)(14) of the Illinois Concealed Carry Act.”

That brings us to today and Carrying in the Forest Preserves.

Judicial rulings don’t change statutory law. Huh? The federal judge said the ban on carrying in the cook county forest preserves is unconstitutional, however, if one reads Illinois concealed carry licensing act, the ban still shows. So how does one resolve this? In a judicial committee hearing, of the Illinois General Assembly, discussing HB4296 the politicians were doing just that, trying to resolve the unconstitutional ban remaining on the books. The consensus of that committee meeting was “it will remain on the books but will be unenforceable”. Ultimately though HB4296 did make it out of committee, it thankfully never made it to the floor for a vote.

North Branch Trail of Miami Woods in Cook County Illinois
Cook County Forest Preserve Trail

What does unenforceable mean exactly?  That’s a great question because it doesn’t mean you can’t be arrested. It wouldn’t be a stretch of the imagination for a police officer to enforce a ban on the books if the officer isn’t aware of the court ruling. As a police officer once told me many years ago, you can beat the rap but can’t beat the ride. This means you’ll likely win in court but can still be arrested. The court has ruled one may be arrested for anything, all the officer needs is reasonable suspicion that what you did might be against the law.

What you can do if you Carry in the Cook County Forest Preserves

I’ve been telling my students, that if you are going to go armed to the cook county forest preserves, they should also go armed with knowledge. You might need to educate a cop. Of course, do so politely.  This is what I would say if I were approached by law enforcement while carrying in the Cook County Forest Preserves.

Officer, I understand that there is a ban on the books. However, I do want to draw your attention to the Solomon ruling. On September 13, 2021, Honorable Robert Dow Jr., of the 7th District Federal Courts, ruled that this prohibition on carrying in the Cook County Forest Preserves is unconstitutional. On June 7th of 2022, Illinois Attorney General filed a status update with the courts conceding a loss. Enforcing this ban would be an unconstitutional arrest. I encourage you to check with your supervisor before taking any action.

This is all very new and confusion will likely only be a temporary issue until the ruling trickles down to local law enforcement.  I can’t tell you what to do, but I will publicly state that I am now carrying my concealed handgun when I visit the cook county forest preserves. 


4 thoughts on “Concealed Carry Ban in Cook County Forest Preserves Ruled Unconstitutional”

  1. Thank you for the update. I have been following this issue and I was wondering what was going on since the judge’s ruling.

    Why are you happy that there was no full General Assembly vote? I’m guessing it is because you believe the bill would not be passed. Doesn’t the state have to amend the law based on the judge’s ruling, regardless of the vote count?

  2. I, too, have been following this issue and was wondering what was happening with it. After March 15, 2022, I didn’t see or hear anything in the news about the ban being amended or even rescinded. I knew the State was given an extension, 60 or 90 days I believe, beyond the March 15 date to come up with something, but still didn’t hear anything. Thank you for the detailed follow-up.

    The way the proposed amendment was written, it basically is the same ban as before. The CCFPD will throw a picnic table in some isolated, deserted preserve and call it a picnic grove and surprise, it’s a prohibited conceal carry area now. I like to use the walking/biking trails. Can I carry there? Or will the CCFPD randomly throw a picnic table there and call the trail a picnic grove and it’s now restricted.

    So I think, ZAB, the reason why Mr. Kral is happy it didn’t make it to the General Assembly for a vote is since it missed the deadline and essentially failed, now there are NO restrictions OF ANY TYPE ANYWHERE. We’re on the same level as the other 101 counties in the state. That’s my impression.

    I’m still slightly hesitant on carrying in the forest preserves, but ultimately will. I’d really like to hear an official word on this from the powers that be at the CCFPD or some law enforcement official or state agency. Perhaps they don’t want to publicize it so the public doesn’t panic and confuse conceal carry holders to the point they still won’t carry in the preserves. Either way, I want the police officers to be aware of this new change and the law being unconstitutional and I hope they’re instructed as such.

    Finally, Mr. Kral, one minor change regarding your prepared statement to a police officer if we’re stopped for carrying in the woods. The ruling came from the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. The 7th Circuit Court of Appeals, though in the same building, is a different court. It’s the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals that actually said Illinois’ ban on conceal carry in 2012 was unconstitutional and got us a conceal carry law.

    Thank you for the article and the update. It answered a lot of questions.

  3. Have any statutory amends occurred regarding carry in Cook County Forest Preserves? What is the current status of litigation addressing carry on public transportation?

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